IAS Public Administration Optional coaching New Bathes starting for session 2014-15

Public Administration

Public Administration is more demanding optional in UPSC /PSC

About –Public Administration:

  1. Concept oriented, logical and analytical.
  2. Useful for GS-2 mains new syllabus
  3. Useful for Interview.
  4. After section also it is  very useful in your carrier as Bureaucrat
  5.  Useful for Essay writing
  6. Dynamic  and useful for good presentation of GS mains answer writing




IAS Philosophy optional New Batches Begins for session 2014-15

Philosophy, the mother of all subjects, is scoring optional in UPSC/IAS/PSC exams.

About- philosophy optional:-
1. No prior knowledge is required 
2. Useful for Essay (every year one topic related to Philosophy)
3. Very short syllabus (you can complete in 3 months first time)
4. Subject is Analytical, Logical and Rational.
5. Static, no current Affairs required.
6 .Useful Interview and personality development
7. Useful for new GS-4 mains paper.



About Philosophy(Optional) for IAS/Civil Service Exam

About Philosophy

If you looking in the dictionary you will discover that Philosophy is derived from two words Philos and Sophia, that means-Love of Knowledge.

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Philosophy is a Parental subject:

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Mains Branches of Philosophy :

Read more:    http://philosophy.vvrias.com/About-Philosophy.aspx

UPSC Civil Service Mains – 2013 Question Paper Analysis for Philosophy optional

UPSC – 2013 Civil Service Mains Examination Question Paper Analysis for Philosophy – (Optional)

Question Analysis Of some questions of mains Paper of UPSC/IAS – 2013 – Philosophy(Optional).

For All Questions Analysis you can ask to our Teacher Dr.Ambuj Shriwastawa(17yrs Teaching Experience) Contact : 09999197625



Crime And Punishment – Socio-Political Philosophy



Socio-political philosophy believes in co-existence of man and society or state which means they are necessary for each other and complementary as well. But there shall be a moral order between them. Morality is directly related to the outcome of the action which means positive outcome or honour for the positive actions and negative outcome or punishment for negative actions.

Moral science and ethics is an important branch of philosophy so, the theories of punishment are directly related to philosophy and that’s why right from the early period thinkers have expressed their thoughts on crime and punishment. We can say that the theories of punishment are relevant for social-philosophy, political philosophy and ethical philosophy.

But here the question is, what is the crime? In simple words, we can say that the crime is a human behavior, but all kinds of human behaviour can not supposed to be crime but only those behaviours which are against the social values shall be considered as crime. In every society we can see crime and criminals like disease and death.

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Socio-Political Ideals – Socio-Political Philosophy


Chapter: 1 (SOCIO-POLITICAL Philosophy)

If we do the detail study of the society then it includes the political studies as well, because in the broader sense, the social study includes the political, economic, religious, cultural, all the aspects. In this way, definitely political study is a part of social study.

But in restricted sense, the political study is confined only up to the political activities of the human beings. In addition, if we do the scientific study of the society then we will reach up to the sociology. But if we do the philosophical study of the society then it will be social philosophy. Similarly, if we do the scientific study of political facts then it is political science.
And if we do the philosophical study of political facts then it will be political philosophy.Altogether, we can say that the sociology and political science are descriptive, factual and natural sciences. But if we go through in the critical way or in normative sense or in evaluative manner, then it shall be called as socio – political philosophy, because where the different sciences are factual and descriptive are known as first order function, then on the other hand the philosophy is supposed to be a rational activity which is evaluative and normative and that’s why it is second order function which also can be known as deep study of a subject.

That’s why sometimes in order to do the deep study of a subject we have to depend upon the methods and arguments which have been recognized by the philosophy. That’s why after doing research in any subject the degree awarded is D. phil. or Ph. D. which means Doctor of philosophy.

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Indian Epistemology -Indian philosophy


Chapter: 13 (Indian Philosophy)

The term Jnana has been originated from Jna Dhatu of Samskrit which means to know. The knowledge may be true or false, in which the true knowledge is known as Prama while false knowledge is known as Aprama such as knowledge of rope in the snake. In any knowledge the knower is known as pramata, the knowing object is known as prameya while the means of knowledge is known as pramana. In Indian Philosophy six pramanas have been accepted -Pratyksha or Perception, Anumana or Inference, Sabda or word, Upamana or Comparison,Arthapatti or Postulation and Anupalabdhi or non cognition. Different schools have accepted the different number of Pramana.

As far as pratyaksha pramana is concerned, then this is known as prime pramana. Sometimes in order to put it at the level of prama it has been said that there is no need of proofs to perception. Etymologically the term Pratyaksha is made up of two words – pratiaksha, which mean in front the eyes, in general the knowledge received by all sense organs, is known as pratyaksha.

In order to clarify Pratyaksha, Maharshi Gautama said that- The knowledge originated by the contact of sense organs with the objects is perception if it is Avyapdeshya, Avyabhicari and Vyavasayatmak, where apdeshya means Nirvikalpak pratyaksha, where no knowledge of name and character does happen.Vyavasatmaka means Savikalpaka pratyaksha, where knowledge of name and character happens. Avyabhicari, which indicates towards doubtless knowledge.

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